Construction of solid-cast homes

Solid-cast construction is a widely used house building style in Greece. The process consists of mixing concrete with reinforcement steel and timbering, the later is of a specific form to hold this concrete mix. This allows better stability of future house, along with more possibilities to create shapes in different dimensions and other properties for concrete shaping.

First stage.

Stage 1. Permission to build.

1 этап. Разрешения на строительство.

1. Submission of paperwork to town planning division to obtain permission to build as well as obtaining all permissions from archeological, architectural and forest management committees as needed.
2. Final confirmation from town planning for permission to build.
3. Implementation of all safety measures inclusive of health insurances for construction workers.
4. Fencing off building site for safety purposes.

Stage 2. Land works.

2.этап. Земляные работы
1. Preparation of site, cleaning of land and adaptation to building foundation.
2. Spading the ditch for building foundation.
3. Filling in with pure C12/16 concrete.
4. Phases for concrete filling include staging solid-cast reinforcement, timbering, filling with concrete, adjusting during hardening, and removal of timbering.

Stage 3. Concrete works and house carcass building.

3.этап. Бетонные работы.
1. Pouring in pure C12/16 concrete.
2. Erection of timbering as a specific construction.
3. Application of the reinforcement cage of C20/25 class.
4. Filling timbering with concrete.
5. The concrete needs several days of hardening inside this structure.
6. Timbering is removed once the concrete hardened.

Stage 4. Isolation works for thermoregulation.

4.этап. Изоляционные работы

1. Isolation of column outer surfaces is done with foamed polystyrene panels of 3cm and 5cm thickness according to Down and Fibran instruction types.

Stage 5. Electro-hydraulic works and infrastructure systems.

Этап 5

1. Grounding inclusive of an arrester is compulsory for foundations, as per Greek Energy Organisation (ΔΕΗ).
2. Matching of energy boxes and spirals for terrace(s).
3. Adjusting siphon piping for terrace(s) and any balconies.
4. Installation of energy cables within walls during construction.

Stage 6. Costs and payments of construction works.

6.этап. Выплаты и расходы по стройке.

1. Payment of health insurance for workers during first stage of construction.
2. Payment of VAT for purchased building materials during first stage of construction.
3. Archiving purchase documents and bills is necessary for submission to tax office in order to request house connection to electricity and water supply, as well as in case of requesting a residency permit on the grounds of property investment.

Second stage.

From walls to roof.

Stage 7. Brick layering.

7.этап. Кирпичная кладка.
1. Outer layering from double-brick inclusive of foamed polystyrene layer of 3-5cm thickness.
2. Inner layering from ordinary brick stone.
3. Concrete shaping in inner and outer fastenings of brick stone for window and door frames.

Stage 8. Plaster works.

Штукатурка

1. Levelling out walls for plastering.
2. Post-levelling of house walls, first layer of plaster is applied with special equipment under high pressure in order to achieve an optimal wall layer.
3. After hardening of this layer, an isolation mix is applied to the whole perimeter of the outer layers, which is followed up by a final layer of plaster.

Stage 9. House isolation works.

8.этап. Изоляция стен внутри и снаружи дома.

1. Hydro-isolation of concrete layers on terrace(s) using a special solution.

Stage 10. Electrical appliances.

9.этап. Электроустановки.

1. Installation of electrical spirals and plugs within brick walls.
2. Installation of spirals for low voltage appliances such as doorbell, TVs, telephone, etc.

Stage 11. Water supply.

10 этап. Водопровод.

1. Complete installation of water supply for kitchen, bathroom(s) and outer yard appliances.
2. Complete installation of water drainage systems connecting to septic tanks.
3. Installation and supply of water to terrace(s), boiler(s) and heliosystem of solar panels if applicable to water heating.
4. Installation of floor water piping for radiator heating prior to underlayment filling.

Stage 12. Door frame installations.

11.этап. Деревообрабатывающий работы.

1. Installation of zinc-coated frames for outer door entries.
2. Installation of wooden frames for inner door entries.

Stage 13. Ground floor works.

12.этап. Напольные работы.

1. Levelling out floors for underlayment solution.
2. Placing of marble plates underneath each door frame.
3. Covering floors with a special net to avoid splitting.

Stage 14. Costs and payments of construction works.

13 этап

1. Payment of health insurance for workers during second stage of carcass construction.
2. Payment of VAT for purchased building materials during second stage of construction.
3. Archiving purchase documents and bills is necessary for submission to tax office in order to request house connection to electricity and water supply during construction, as well as in case of requesting a residency permit on the grounds of property investment.

Third stage.

Finalising construction.

Stage 15. Electrical works.

14.этап. Электромонтажные работы.

1. Connecting all electrical systems in house, inclusive of cable connections in each room.
2. Connecting cables to the house electricity meter.
3. Installing electricity plug-ins and switches.
4. Preparation of electromechanic’s blueprint to submit to the relevant energy and electricity providers for house supply connection.

Stage 16. Plumbing works.

15.этап. Сантехнические работы.

1. Installation of boiler and water reservoir plus pump for extra water pressure.
2. Installation of house heating system.
3. Installation of panel radiators.
4. Delivery and installation of sinks, bathtubs, toilets and taps that are connected to the boiler and reservoir in the central water system.
5. Delivery and installation of kitchen and bathroom heaters.

Stage 17. Doors and windows.

16 этап. Алюминивые двери и окна.

1. Installation of outer doors and window frames from PVC aluminium, inclusive of mosquito nets and window blinds.
2. Installation of armoured entry door.
3. In accordance to Greek safety requirements – installation of a metal door to the boiler room.

Stage 18. Floors, stairs.

17 этап. Полы, Лестницы.

1. Filling and levelling of underlayment in rooms.
2. Delivery of tiles, hardwood or marble for floors, stairs, bathrooms.
3. Delivery of tiles for bathrooms and WCs.
3. Tiling the floors.

Stage 19. Paint works.

18 этап. Краска.

1. Preparation of walls for painting.
2. Filling with putty of inner and outer walls.
3. Works with plastic paints in accordance to all safety and environmental requirements.

Stage 20. Wooden house works.

19 этап. Деревянные работы в доме.

1. Installation of built-in bedroom wardrobes.
2. Installation of built-in kitchen wardrobes.
3. Installation of room doors.

Stage 21. Costs and payments of construction works.

6.этап. Выплаты и расходы по стройке.

1. Final payout of health insurance for workers for third stage of construction.
2. Final payout of VAT for purchased building materials during third stage of construction.
3. Final archiving of all purchase documents and bills for submission to tax office to request house connection to electricity and water supply, as well as in case of requesting a residency permit on the grounds of property investment.